Reasons for Male Infertility

Normally, each ejaculate of semen contains nearly 60 to 120 million sperms with a normal head-neck-tail structure. They swim forward rapidly towards the egg. However, only one sperm fuses with the ovum at the end.

Problems in Semen:

  • Low sperm count (less than 20 million).
  • Poor sperm movement (less than 50 %).
  • Abnormal shape (more than 70 % abnormal shape).
  • Infertility may also result due to varicocele, hormonal disturbance, stress, smoking, infection etc

At times sperms are not present in the semen. The reasons for this could be many:

  • The testes are deceased.
  • The pituitary (part of the brain) does not produce the stimulating hormones FSH and LH.
  • Obstruction in the passage through which sperm is transported from the testes to the penis.
  • Undescended testes.

Difficulties in Intercourse:

Due to impotence or failure of ejaculation, or ejaculation in a wrong direction, the semen cannot be deposited in the vagina thus causing infertility. The quality of semen may be normal in these cases if collected by other artificial methods.

Infection in the Semen:

Sometimes the semen sample is found to be infected with certain bacteria, thus hindering fertilization.